Low-Power Wireless Data Transfer System for Stimulation in an Intracortical Visual Prosthesis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

There is a growing interest to improve the quality of life of blind people. An implanted intracortical prosthesis could be the last resort in many cases of visual impairment. Technology at this moment is at a stage that implementation is at sight. Making the data communication to and from the implanted electrodes wireless is beneficial to avoid infection and to ease mobility. Here, we focus on the stimulation side, or downlink, for which we propose a low-power non-coherent digital demodulator on the implanted receiver. The experimentally demonstrated downlink is on a scaled-down version at a 1 MHz carrier frequency showing a data rate of 125 kbps. This provides proof of principle for the system with a 12 MHz carrier frequency and a data rate of 4 Mbps, which consumes under 1 mW at the receiver side in integrated circuit (IC) simulation. Due to its digital architecture, the system is easily adjustable to an ISM frequency band with its power consumption scaling linearly with the carrier frequency. The tested system uses off-the-shelf coils, which gave sufficient bandwidth, while staying within safe SAR limits. The digital receiver achieved a reduction in power consumption by skipping clock cycles of redundant bits. The system shows a promising pathway to a low-power wireless-enabled visual prosthesis.
Original languageEnglish
Article number735
Number of pages16
JournalSensors
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2021

Keywords

  • Inductive link
  • Intracortical visual prosthesis
  • Low-power communication
  • Non-coherent digital demodulator
  • Phase shift keying

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