Low-frequency noise characterization of single CuO nanowire gas sensor devices

S. Steinhauer, A. Köck, C. Gspan, W. Grogger, L.K.J. Vandamme, D. Pogany

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Low-frequency noise properties of single CuO nanowire devices were investigated under gas sensor operation conditions in dry and humid synthetic air at 350¿°C. A 1/f noise spectrum was found with the normalized power spectral density of current fluctuations typically a factor of 2 higher for humid compared to dry atmosphere. A core-shell nanowire model is proposed to treat the noise as parallel combination of gas-independent bulk and gas-dependent surface noise components. The observed increase in 1/f noise in the presence of water vapor is explained in terms of Hooge's mobility fluctuation model, where the increased surface noise component is attributed to carrier scattering at potential fluctuations due to hydroxyl groups at the nanowire surface.
Original languageEnglish
Article number123112
Pages (from-to)123112-1/5
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Publication statusPublished - 24 Sept 2015


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