Low CT temporal sampling rates result in a substantial underestimation of myocardial blood flow measurements

Marly van Assen, Gert Jan Pelgrim, Emmy Slager, Sjoerd van Tuijl, U. Joseph Schoepf, Rozemarijn Vliegenthart, Matthijs Oudkerk (Corresponding author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of temporal sampling rate in dynamic CT myocardial perfusion imaging (CTMPI) on myocardial blood flow (MBF). Dynamic perfusion CT underestimates myocardial blood flow compared to PET and SPECT values. For accurate quantitative analysis of myocardial perfusion with dynamic perfusion CT a stable calibrated HU measurement of MBF is essential. Three porcine hearts were perfused using an ex-vivo Langendorff model. Hemodynamic parameters were monitored. Dynamic CTMPI was performed using third generation dual source CT at 70 kVp and 230–350 mAs/rot in electrocardiography(ECG)-triggered shuttle-mode (sampling rate, 1 acquisition every 2–3 s; z-range, 10.2 cm), ECG-triggered non-shuttle mode (fixed table position) with stationary tube rotation (1 acquisition every 0.5–1 s, 5.8 cm), and non-ECG-triggered continuous mode (1 acquisition every 0.06 s, 5.8 cm). Stenosis was created in the circumflex artery, inducing different fractional flow reserve values. Volume perfusion CT Myocardium software was used to analyze ECG-triggered scans. For the non-ECG triggered scans MASS research version was used combined with an in-house Matlab script. MBF (mL/g/min) was calculated for non-ischemic segments. True MBF was calculated using input flow and heart weight. Significant differences in MBF between shuttle, non-shuttle and continuous mode were found, with median MBF of 0.87 [interquartile range 0.72–1.00], 1.20 (1.07–1.30) and 1.65 (1.40–1.88), respectively. The median MBF in shuttle mode was 56% lower than the true MBF. In non-shuttle and continuous mode, the underestimation was 41% and 18%. Limited temporal sampling rate in standard dynamic CTMPI techniques contributes to substantial underestimation of true MBF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)539-547
Number of pages9
JournalThe International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2019

Keywords

  • Perfusion imaging
  • Computed tomography
  • Cardiac imaging techniques
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Myocardial Perfusion Imaging/methods
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Isolated Heart Preparation
  • Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon
  • Cardiac-Gated Imaging Techniques
  • Positron-Emission Tomography
  • Computed Tomography Angiography
  • Proof of Concept Study
  • Coronary Stenosis/diagnostic imaging
  • Animals
  • Fractional Flow Reserve, Myocardial
  • Time Factors
  • Blood Flow Velocity
  • Electrocardiography
  • Sus scrofa
  • Disease Models, Animal

Cite this

van Assen, Marly ; Pelgrim, Gert Jan ; Slager, Emmy ; van Tuijl, Sjoerd ; Schoepf, U. Joseph ; Vliegenthart, Rozemarijn ; Oudkerk, Matthijs. / Low CT temporal sampling rates result in a substantial underestimation of myocardial blood flow measurements. In: The International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging. 2019 ; Vol. 35, No. 3. pp. 539-547.
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abstract = "The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of temporal sampling rate in dynamic CT myocardial perfusion imaging (CTMPI) on myocardial blood flow (MBF). Dynamic perfusion CT underestimates myocardial blood flow compared to PET and SPECT values. For accurate quantitative analysis of myocardial perfusion with dynamic perfusion CT a stable calibrated HU measurement of MBF is essential. Three porcine hearts were perfused using an ex-vivo Langendorff model. Hemodynamic parameters were monitored. Dynamic CTMPI was performed using third generation dual source CT at 70 kVp and 230–350 mAs/rot in electrocardiography(ECG)-triggered shuttle-mode (sampling rate, 1 acquisition every 2–3 s; z-range, 10.2 cm), ECG-triggered non-shuttle mode (fixed table position) with stationary tube rotation (1 acquisition every 0.5–1 s, 5.8 cm), and non-ECG-triggered continuous mode (1 acquisition every 0.06 s, 5.8 cm). Stenosis was created in the circumflex artery, inducing different fractional flow reserve values. Volume perfusion CT Myocardium software was used to analyze ECG-triggered scans. For the non-ECG triggered scans MASS research version was used combined with an in-house Matlab script. MBF (mL/g/min) was calculated for non-ischemic segments. True MBF was calculated using input flow and heart weight. Significant differences in MBF between shuttle, non-shuttle and continuous mode were found, with median MBF of 0.87 [interquartile range 0.72–1.00], 1.20 (1.07–1.30) and 1.65 (1.40–1.88), respectively. The median MBF in shuttle mode was 56{\%} lower than the true MBF. In non-shuttle and continuous mode, the underestimation was 41{\%} and 18{\%}. Limited temporal sampling rate in standard dynamic CTMPI techniques contributes to substantial underestimation of true MBF.",
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Low CT temporal sampling rates result in a substantial underestimation of myocardial blood flow measurements. / van Assen, Marly; Pelgrim, Gert Jan; Slager, Emmy; van Tuijl, Sjoerd; Schoepf, U. Joseph; Vliegenthart, Rozemarijn; Oudkerk, Matthijs (Corresponding author).

In: The International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging, Vol. 35, No. 3, 01.03.2019, p. 539-547.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AU - van Assen, Marly

AU - Pelgrim, Gert Jan

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AB - The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of temporal sampling rate in dynamic CT myocardial perfusion imaging (CTMPI) on myocardial blood flow (MBF). Dynamic perfusion CT underestimates myocardial blood flow compared to PET and SPECT values. For accurate quantitative analysis of myocardial perfusion with dynamic perfusion CT a stable calibrated HU measurement of MBF is essential. Three porcine hearts were perfused using an ex-vivo Langendorff model. Hemodynamic parameters were monitored. Dynamic CTMPI was performed using third generation dual source CT at 70 kVp and 230–350 mAs/rot in electrocardiography(ECG)-triggered shuttle-mode (sampling rate, 1 acquisition every 2–3 s; z-range, 10.2 cm), ECG-triggered non-shuttle mode (fixed table position) with stationary tube rotation (1 acquisition every 0.5–1 s, 5.8 cm), and non-ECG-triggered continuous mode (1 acquisition every 0.06 s, 5.8 cm). Stenosis was created in the circumflex artery, inducing different fractional flow reserve values. Volume perfusion CT Myocardium software was used to analyze ECG-triggered scans. For the non-ECG triggered scans MASS research version was used combined with an in-house Matlab script. MBF (mL/g/min) was calculated for non-ischemic segments. True MBF was calculated using input flow and heart weight. Significant differences in MBF between shuttle, non-shuttle and continuous mode were found, with median MBF of 0.87 [interquartile range 0.72–1.00], 1.20 (1.07–1.30) and 1.65 (1.40–1.88), respectively. The median MBF in shuttle mode was 56% lower than the true MBF. In non-shuttle and continuous mode, the underestimation was 41% and 18%. Limited temporal sampling rate in standard dynamic CTMPI techniques contributes to substantial underestimation of true MBF.

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KW - Computed Tomography Angiography

KW - Proof of Concept Study

KW - Coronary Stenosis/diagnostic imaging

KW - Animals

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KW - Time Factors

KW - Blood Flow Velocity

KW - Electrocardiography

KW - Sus scrofa

KW - Disease Models, Animal

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