Living lab business model: towards a sustainable innovation ecosystem

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

8 Downloads (Pure)


Public living labs, as multi-stakeholder ecosystems, play a principal role in
delivering “public value” by leveraging (open) innovation processes. However, a
significant number of public living labs are not sustainable, in effect, they fail to
create a viable innovation ecosystem. The problem is that presence of a holistic
business model which effectively coordinates the efforts of all heterogenous
stakeholders in the ecosystem and focuses on value creation at “ecosystem level” is
missing. Drawing on field studies of three public living lab innovation ecosystems in
the Netherlands, we could develop a holistic and multi-perspective business model
in which “ecosystem” is considered as the reference point; including all
heterogenous stakeholders, their interdependent activities and the links between
them (BM structure). As such, we could introduce “collaborative portfolio
management” combined with “challenge-based cocreation” as a method for
effective coordination of heterogenous actors in the ecosystem. We also identified
that “lock-in” (due to dependencies and interdependencies), which is created by this
method, can facilitate not only the process of value creation at ecosystem level, but
also value capturing for all involved stakeholders.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 21st CINet Conference
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 21 Sept 2020
Event21st CINet Conference (Online) -
Duration: 20 Sept 202022 Sept 2020


Conference21st CINet Conference (Online)


  • Sustainable Living Lab; Public Value; Design Science Research; Artefact.


Dive into the research topics of 'Living lab business model: towards a sustainable innovation ecosystem'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this