## Abstract

Linear codes with complementary duals (LCD) are linear codes whose intersection with their dual are trivial. When they are binary, they play an important role in armoring implementations against side-channel attacks and fault injection attacks. Nonbinary LCD codes in characteristic 2 can be transformed into binary LCD codes by expansion. In this paper, we introduce a general construction of LCD codes from any linear codes. Further, we show that any linear code over F_{q} (q>3) is equivalent to a Euclidean LCD code and any linear code over F_{q2} (q>2) is equivalent to a Hermitian LCD code. Consequently an [n,k,d]-linear Euclidean LCD code over F_{q} with q>3 exists if there is an [n,k,d]-linear code over F_{q} and an [n,k,d]-linear Hermitian LCD code over F_{q2} with q>2 exists if there is an [n,k,d]-linear code over F_{q2}. Hence, when q>3 (resp. q>2) q-ary Euclidean (resp. q^{2}-ary Hermitian) LCD codes possess the same asymptotical bound as q-ary linear codes (resp. q^{2}-ary linear codes). This gives a direct proof that every triple of parameters [n,k,d] which is attainable by linear codes over F_{q} with q>3 (resp. over F_{q2} with q>2) is attainable by Euclidean LCD codes (resp. by Hermitian LCD codes). In particular there exist families of q-ary Euclidean LCD codes (q>3) and q^{2}-ary Hermitian LCD codes (q>2) exceeding the asymptotical Gilbert-Varshamov bound. Further, we give a second proof of these results using the theory of Gröbner bases. Finally, we present a new approach of constructing LCD codes by extending linear codes.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 3010-3017 |

Number of pages | 8 |

Journal | IEEE Transactions on Information Theory |

Volume | 64 |

Issue number | 4 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 1 Apr 2018 |

### Bibliographical note

Dedicated to the memory of Solomon W. Golomb (1932–2016)## Keywords

- complementary dual
- Euclidean LCD codes
- Gröbner bases
- Hermitian LCD codes
- LCD codes
- Linear codes

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