Limiting withdrawal rate and maximum film thickness during dip-coating of titania sols onto a Si substrate

E. Rebrov, J.C. Schouten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
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The article highlights new insights into production of thin titania films widely used as catalyst support in many modern reactors including capillary microreactors, microstructured fixed-bed reactors and falling film microreactors. Dip-coating of a titania sol onto a Si substrate has been studied in the range of the sol viscosities of 1.5–2.5 mPa s and the sol withdrawal rates of 0.2–18 mm/s. Different viscosities of sols were created by addition of desired amounts of nitric acid to the synthesis mixture of titanium isopropoxide and Pluronic F127 in ethanol which allowed to control the rate of the condensation reactions. Uniform mesoporous titania coatings were obtained at the solvent withdrawal rates below 10 mm/s at sol viscosities in the range from 1.6 mPa s to 2.5 mPa s. There exists a limiting withdrawal rate corresponding to a capillary number of ca. 0.01 beyond which uniform titania films cannot be obtained. Below the limiting withdrawal rate, the coating thickness is a power function of the sol viscosity and withdrawal rate, both with an exponent of 2/3. The limiting withdrawal rate increases as the solvent evaporation rate increases and it decreases as the sol viscosity increases.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1063-1068
Number of pages6
JournalChemical Engineering and Processing : Process Intensification
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2011


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