Lignin oxidation with an organic peroxide and subsequent aromatic ring opening

Mónica R.C. Fernandes, Xiaoming Huang, Hendrikus C.L. Abbenhuis, Emiel J.M. Hensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)
171 Downloads (Pure)


The oxidation of an organosolv lignin with tert-butylhydroperoxide, initiated by titanium grafted into the lignin structure, was investigated. Titanation of reactive groups on lignin is responsible for the cross-linking of the lignin structure. IR and MAS 13C NMR spectroscopy spectra confirmed the oxidation of the lignin structure and other pronounced structural changes. A study with guaiacol as a model compound helped to recognise that aromatic ring opening occurs under the given conditions and is catalysed by the grafted titanium. The structure of the oxidised lignin becomes less robust and therefore potentially more susceptible to be depolymerised and converted into monomeric units.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1044-1051
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2019


  • Aromatic ring opening
  • Biomass
  • Lignin
  • Oxidation
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Hydrocarbons, Aromatic/chemistry
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Carbon-13 Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Peroxides/chemistry
  • Guaiacol/chemistry
  • Lignin/chemistry


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