Lignin depolymerization over porous copper-based mixed-oxide catalysts in supercritical ethanol

X. Huang, T.I. Koranyi, E.J.M. Hensen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademic

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Abstract

This Chapter explains the roles of the catalyst and solvent. In lignin depolymerization by CuMgAl mixed-oxide catalysts, the use of supercritical ethanol as a solvent was found to be significantly more effective in producing monomers and avoiding heavy lignin residue and char formation than using methanol. The effect of reaction temperature and time are evaluated during depolymerization of lignin. Without catalyst and with increasing the reaction temperature, both the yield of lignin monomers and char are increased, the yield of light lignin residue decreased. However, without catalyst the reaction is dominated by char-forming reactions. The chapter describes the effect of catalyst composition in the depolymerization of soda lignin in supercritical ethanol. The higher the basicity of the catalyst, the higher the amount of alcohols and esters formed via Guerbet-type and esterification reactions, and the less repolymerized products are formed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNanoporous catalysts for biomass conversion
EditorsFeng-Shou Xiao, Liang Wang
Place of PublicationChichester
PublisherWiley
Chapter10
Pages231-251
Number of pages21
ISBN (Electronic)9781119128113
ISBN (Print)9781119128083
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Publication series

NameWiley series in renewable resources

Fingerprint

Depolymerization
Lignin
Oxides
Copper
Ethanol
Catalysts
Monomers
Esterification
Alkalinity
Methanol
Esters
Alcohols
Temperature
Chemical analysis

Cite this

Huang, X., Koranyi, T. I., & Hensen, E. J. M. (2018). Lignin depolymerization over porous copper-based mixed-oxide catalysts in supercritical ethanol. In F-S. Xiao, & L. Wang (Eds.), Nanoporous catalysts for biomass conversion (pp. 231-251). (Wiley series in renewable resources). Chichester: Wiley. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119128113.ch10
Huang, X. ; Koranyi, T.I. ; Hensen, E.J.M. / Lignin depolymerization over porous copper-based mixed-oxide catalysts in supercritical ethanol. Nanoporous catalysts for biomass conversion. editor / Feng-Shou Xiao ; Liang Wang. Chichester : Wiley, 2018. pp. 231-251 (Wiley series in renewable resources).
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Huang, X, Koranyi, TI & Hensen, EJM 2018, Lignin depolymerization over porous copper-based mixed-oxide catalysts in supercritical ethanol. in F-S Xiao & L Wang (eds), Nanoporous catalysts for biomass conversion. Wiley series in renewable resources, Wiley, Chichester, pp. 231-251. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119128113.ch10

Lignin depolymerization over porous copper-based mixed-oxide catalysts in supercritical ethanol. / Huang, X.; Koranyi, T.I.; Hensen, E.J.M.

Nanoporous catalysts for biomass conversion. ed. / Feng-Shou Xiao; Liang Wang. Chichester : Wiley, 2018. p. 231-251 (Wiley series in renewable resources).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademic

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N2 - This Chapter explains the roles of the catalyst and solvent. In lignin depolymerization by CuMgAl mixed-oxide catalysts, the use of supercritical ethanol as a solvent was found to be significantly more effective in producing monomers and avoiding heavy lignin residue and char formation than using methanol. The effect of reaction temperature and time are evaluated during depolymerization of lignin. Without catalyst and with increasing the reaction temperature, both the yield of lignin monomers and char are increased, the yield of light lignin residue decreased. However, without catalyst the reaction is dominated by char-forming reactions. The chapter describes the effect of catalyst composition in the depolymerization of soda lignin in supercritical ethanol. The higher the basicity of the catalyst, the higher the amount of alcohols and esters formed via Guerbet-type and esterification reactions, and the less repolymerized products are formed.

AB - This Chapter explains the roles of the catalyst and solvent. In lignin depolymerization by CuMgAl mixed-oxide catalysts, the use of supercritical ethanol as a solvent was found to be significantly more effective in producing monomers and avoiding heavy lignin residue and char formation than using methanol. The effect of reaction temperature and time are evaluated during depolymerization of lignin. Without catalyst and with increasing the reaction temperature, both the yield of lignin monomers and char are increased, the yield of light lignin residue decreased. However, without catalyst the reaction is dominated by char-forming reactions. The chapter describes the effect of catalyst composition in the depolymerization of soda lignin in supercritical ethanol. The higher the basicity of the catalyst, the higher the amount of alcohols and esters formed via Guerbet-type and esterification reactions, and the less repolymerized products are formed.

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Huang X, Koranyi TI, Hensen EJM. Lignin depolymerization over porous copper-based mixed-oxide catalysts in supercritical ethanol. In Xiao F-S, Wang L, editors, Nanoporous catalysts for biomass conversion. Chichester: Wiley. 2018. p. 231-251. (Wiley series in renewable resources). https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119128113.ch10