Left-ventricular dynamic model based on constant ejection flow periods

Hessel Wijkstra, H.B.K. (Herman) Boom

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Experiments with constant ejection flow periods on the rabbit left ventricle suggest that left ventricular pressure can be described by a time varying three-element model consisting of elastance Ee(t), resistance R(t), and series-elastance Es(t). Previous experiments demonstrated the existence of a "deactivation effect" after the cessation of a constant ejection flow period, which could be described by a decrease of elastance Ee(t). This paper presents a simulation model based on findings of constant ejection flow experiments, and tested on measured pressure and volume data. The results show that when the model is fitted on one single beat, left ventricular pressure can satisfactorily be described by a three-element model without deactivation. However, the model does not predict isovolumic pressure at end-ejection volume. When isovolumic pressure has to be described by the model as well, introduction of deactivation is necessary. The quality of the model was further tested by fitting it to two beats with different ejection parameters. Deactivation again was necessary for a good fit. Only with a deactivation effect in the model, the component values found are close to the normal range found with CFP experiments in the rabbit left ventricles. From the simulation results it can be concluded that (at least for constant ejection flow periods) elastance, resistance, series-elastance, and deactivation effects all are necessary in describing (and predicting) left ventricular pressure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1204-1212
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1991


  • Animals
  • Elasticity
  • Mathematical Computing
  • Models, Cardiovascular
  • Pressure
  • Rabbits
  • Stroke Volume
  • Vascular Resistance
  • Ventricular Function, Left


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