LIF-PTV-measurements of the micro-scale water flow through the pore space of a wet snow sample driven by either gravitational or capillary forces are presented. For the measurements, fluorescent micron-sized particles in the water are illuminated with a laser light sheet and tracked with a high-speed camera. The results show the existence of a potential preferential flow path and a loop flow in a pore space in case of a gravity driven flow. Generally, the water flow is found to be highly 3-dimensional. The average flow velocities in the pore spaces are 11.3 mm/s for the gravity driven flow and 9.6 mm/s for the upward flow driven by capillary forces. Flow acceleration and deceleration was stronger for the gravity driven flow with particle decelerations stronger than accelerations in both cases.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of the International Snow Science Workshop (ISSW 2012), September 16-21, 2012, Anchorage, Alaska|
|Place of Publication||Anchorage|
|Publication status||Published - 2012|