Laser diagnostics of soot formation by alternative fuels

L. Zhou, N.J. Dam, M.H. Andrade Oliveira, de, C.C.M. Luijten, C.A.J. Leermakers, M.D. Boot, L.P.H. Goey, de

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterAcademic

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Abstract

It has been reported in previous work that the reduction of particulate matter (PM) emissions from diesel engines is impacted by the molecular structure of additives and blended oxygenates. However, due to the physical and chemical complexity of the underlying processes, characterization of combustion-generated soot particles and the effects thereupon of different fuel composition are difficult to achieve. Laser diagnostics on a simple, optically accessible burner is proposed, to aid interpretation of observations in engine tests on the effect of molecular structure of additives on the sooting propensities of hydrocarbon fuels. We present measurements of the soot and poly-aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) distributions conducted by means of Laser-induced incandescence (LII) and planar Laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) of several kinds of blends on a stationary co-flow flame. Moreover, a comparison is made to earlier engine emission characteristics of the same blends.
Original languageEnglish
Pages1-16
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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soot
molecular structure
incandescence
engine tests
hydrocarbon fuels
diesel engines
burners
laser induced fluorescence
particulates
lasers
engines
flames
hydrocarbons

Bibliographical note

Proceedings of the Summer School: "Energy and Materials from the Sun", 20-23 June 2011, Kerkrade, The Netherlands

Cite this

Zhou, L., Dam, N. J., Andrade Oliveira, de, M. H., Luijten, C. C. M., Leermakers, C. A. J., Boot, M. D., & Goey, de, L. P. H. (2011). Laser diagnostics of soot formation by alternative fuels. 1-16.
Zhou, L. ; Dam, N.J. ; Andrade Oliveira, de, M.H. ; Luijten, C.C.M. ; Leermakers, C.A.J. ; Boot, M.D. ; Goey, de, L.P.H. / Laser diagnostics of soot formation by alternative fuels.
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abstract = "It has been reported in previous work that the reduction of particulate matter (PM) emissions from diesel engines is impacted by the molecular structure of additives and blended oxygenates. However, due to the physical and chemical complexity of the underlying processes, characterization of combustion-generated soot particles and the effects thereupon of different fuel composition are difficult to achieve. Laser diagnostics on a simple, optically accessible burner is proposed, to aid interpretation of observations in engine tests on the effect of molecular structure of additives on the sooting propensities of hydrocarbon fuels. We present measurements of the soot and poly-aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) distributions conducted by means of Laser-induced incandescence (LII) and planar Laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) of several kinds of blends on a stationary co-flow flame. Moreover, a comparison is made to earlier engine emission characteristics of the same blends.",
author = "L. Zhou and N.J. Dam and {Andrade Oliveira, de}, M.H. and C.C.M. Luijten and C.A.J. Leermakers and M.D. Boot and {Goey, de}, L.P.H.",
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Zhou, L, Dam, NJ, Andrade Oliveira, de, MH, Luijten, CCM, Leermakers, CAJ, Boot, MD & Goey, de, LPH 2011, 'Laser diagnostics of soot formation by alternative fuels' pp. 1-16.

Laser diagnostics of soot formation by alternative fuels. / Zhou, L.; Dam, N.J.; Andrade Oliveira, de, M.H.; Luijten, C.C.M.; Leermakers, C.A.J.; Boot, M.D.; Goey, de, L.P.H.

2011. 1-16.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterAcademic

TY - CONF

T1 - Laser diagnostics of soot formation by alternative fuels

AU - Zhou, L.

AU - Dam, N.J.

AU - Andrade Oliveira, de, M.H.

AU - Luijten, C.C.M.

AU - Leermakers, C.A.J.

AU - Boot, M.D.

AU - Goey, de, L.P.H.

N1 - Proceedings of the Summer School: "Energy and Materials from the Sun", 20-23 June 2011, Kerkrade, The Netherlands

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - It has been reported in previous work that the reduction of particulate matter (PM) emissions from diesel engines is impacted by the molecular structure of additives and blended oxygenates. However, due to the physical and chemical complexity of the underlying processes, characterization of combustion-generated soot particles and the effects thereupon of different fuel composition are difficult to achieve. Laser diagnostics on a simple, optically accessible burner is proposed, to aid interpretation of observations in engine tests on the effect of molecular structure of additives on the sooting propensities of hydrocarbon fuels. We present measurements of the soot and poly-aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) distributions conducted by means of Laser-induced incandescence (LII) and planar Laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) of several kinds of blends on a stationary co-flow flame. Moreover, a comparison is made to earlier engine emission characteristics of the same blends.

AB - It has been reported in previous work that the reduction of particulate matter (PM) emissions from diesel engines is impacted by the molecular structure of additives and blended oxygenates. However, due to the physical and chemical complexity of the underlying processes, characterization of combustion-generated soot particles and the effects thereupon of different fuel composition are difficult to achieve. Laser diagnostics on a simple, optically accessible burner is proposed, to aid interpretation of observations in engine tests on the effect of molecular structure of additives on the sooting propensities of hydrocarbon fuels. We present measurements of the soot and poly-aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) distributions conducted by means of Laser-induced incandescence (LII) and planar Laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) of several kinds of blends on a stationary co-flow flame. Moreover, a comparison is made to earlier engine emission characteristics of the same blends.

M3 - Poster

SP - 1

EP - 16

ER -

Zhou L, Dam NJ, Andrade Oliveira, de MH, Luijten CCM, Leermakers CAJ, Boot MD et al. Laser diagnostics of soot formation by alternative fuels. 2011.