Lane change manoeuvres for automated motorway driving applications

Christoph Klas, Nicole Eikelenberg, Gudrun Voß, Lutz Eckstein, Maximilian Schwalm, Louis Tijerina, P.W.A. Zegelaar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademic

Abstract

To develop automated systems that can execute acceptable and comfortable lane changes on the motorway, it is useful to understand how lane changes are performed by human drivers, what factors influence the lane changes, and how they can be described parametrically. More specifically, it is important to understand the acceptable thresholds for parameters which are associated with the manoeuvre execution from a driver’s perspective. Furthermore, the cognitive process of the intention and decision for a lane change needs to be addressed to provide a well-accepted automated lane change decision and timing. This work aims at gaining first qualitative insights into these aspects. Two small-scale on-road studies were conducted to initially collect data on the process of human lane change behaviour in different driving scenarios. Objective data has been collected by equipping a measurement vehicle with a broad sensor set. Qualitative subjective data was gathered through different survey methods. In the first study, both the driver and a co-driver were included by means of questionnaires. In the second study, the ‘thinking aloud’ method was utilised to gain a deeper insight into the driver’s cognitive process. Based on the analysis of the objective data a parametric description of the lane change profile has been established. They can be used to generate automated lane change trajectories based on parameters from real data. For the evaluation of such automated lane change profiles, the implementation of driving studies in a highdynamic driving simulator is useful and has been initially tested in an expert pilot study
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 6th Humanist Conference
Pages1-7
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jun 2018
EventProceedings of the 6th Humanist Conference - The Hague, Netherlands
Duration: 13 Jun 201814 Jun 2018

Conference

ConferenceProceedings of the 6th Humanist Conference
CountryNetherlands
CityThe Hague
Period13/06/1814/06/18

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Simulators
Trajectories
Sensors

Keywords

  • Lane Change Manoeuvres, Automated Driving, Naturalistic Driving Studies, Driving Simulator.

Cite this

Klas, C., Eikelenberg, N., Voß, G., Eckstein, L., Schwalm, M., Tijerina, L., & Zegelaar, P. W. A. (2018). Lane change manoeuvres for automated motorway driving applications. In Proceedings of the 6th Humanist Conference (pp. 1-7)
Klas, Christoph ; Eikelenberg, Nicole ; Voß, Gudrun ; Eckstein, Lutz ; Schwalm, Maximilian ; Tijerina, Louis ; Zegelaar, P.W.A. / Lane change manoeuvres for automated motorway driving applications. Proceedings of the 6th Humanist Conference. 2018. pp. 1-7
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Klas, C, Eikelenberg, N, Voß, G, Eckstein, L, Schwalm, M, Tijerina, L & Zegelaar, PWA 2018, Lane change manoeuvres for automated motorway driving applications. in Proceedings of the 6th Humanist Conference. pp. 1-7, Proceedings of the 6th Humanist Conference, The Hague, Netherlands, 13/06/18.

Lane change manoeuvres for automated motorway driving applications. / Klas, Christoph; Eikelenberg, Nicole ; Voß, Gudrun; Eckstein, Lutz ; Schwalm, Maximilian ; Tijerina, Louis ; Zegelaar, P.W.A.

Proceedings of the 6th Humanist Conference. 2018. p. 1-7.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademic

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T1 - Lane change manoeuvres for automated motorway driving applications

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AU - Eikelenberg, Nicole

AU - Voß, Gudrun

AU - Eckstein, Lutz

AU - Schwalm, Maximilian

AU - Tijerina, Louis

AU - Zegelaar, P.W.A.

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N2 - To develop automated systems that can execute acceptable and comfortable lane changes on the motorway, it is useful to understand how lane changes are performed by human drivers, what factors influence the lane changes, and how they can be described parametrically. More specifically, it is important to understand the acceptable thresholds for parameters which are associated with the manoeuvre execution from a driver’s perspective. Furthermore, the cognitive process of the intention and decision for a lane change needs to be addressed to provide a well-accepted automated lane change decision and timing. This work aims at gaining first qualitative insights into these aspects. Two small-scale on-road studies were conducted to initially collect data on the process of human lane change behaviour in different driving scenarios. Objective data has been collected by equipping a measurement vehicle with a broad sensor set. Qualitative subjective data was gathered through different survey methods. In the first study, both the driver and a co-driver were included by means of questionnaires. In the second study, the ‘thinking aloud’ method was utilised to gain a deeper insight into the driver’s cognitive process. Based on the analysis of the objective data a parametric description of the lane change profile has been established. They can be used to generate automated lane change trajectories based on parameters from real data. For the evaluation of such automated lane change profiles, the implementation of driving studies in a highdynamic driving simulator is useful and has been initially tested in an expert pilot study

AB - To develop automated systems that can execute acceptable and comfortable lane changes on the motorway, it is useful to understand how lane changes are performed by human drivers, what factors influence the lane changes, and how they can be described parametrically. More specifically, it is important to understand the acceptable thresholds for parameters which are associated with the manoeuvre execution from a driver’s perspective. Furthermore, the cognitive process of the intention and decision for a lane change needs to be addressed to provide a well-accepted automated lane change decision and timing. This work aims at gaining first qualitative insights into these aspects. Two small-scale on-road studies were conducted to initially collect data on the process of human lane change behaviour in different driving scenarios. Objective data has been collected by equipping a measurement vehicle with a broad sensor set. Qualitative subjective data was gathered through different survey methods. In the first study, both the driver and a co-driver were included by means of questionnaires. In the second study, the ‘thinking aloud’ method was utilised to gain a deeper insight into the driver’s cognitive process. Based on the analysis of the objective data a parametric description of the lane change profile has been established. They can be used to generate automated lane change trajectories based on parameters from real data. For the evaluation of such automated lane change profiles, the implementation of driving studies in a highdynamic driving simulator is useful and has been initially tested in an expert pilot study

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Klas C, Eikelenberg N, Voß G, Eckstein L, Schwalm M, Tijerina L et al. Lane change manoeuvres for automated motorway driving applications. In Proceedings of the 6th Humanist Conference. 2018. p. 1-7