This article develops the theory of laminar dispersion in finite-length channel flows at high Péclet numbers, completing the classical Taylor–Aris theory which applies for long-term, long-distance properties. It is shown, by means of scaling analysis and invariant reformulation of the moment equations, that solute dispersion in finite length channels is characterized by the occurrence of a new regime, referred to as the convection-dominated transport. In this regime, the properties of the dispersion boundary layer and the values of the scaling exponents controlling the dependence of the moment hierarchy on the Péclet number are determined by the local near-wall behavior of the axial velocity. Specifically, different scaling laws in the behavior of the moment hierarchy occur, depending whether the cross-sectional boundary is smooth or nonsmooth (e.g., presenting corner points or cusps). This phenomenon marks the difference between the dispersion boundary layer and the thermal boundary layer in the classical Leveque problem. Analytical and numerical results are presented for typical channel cross sections in the Stokes regime.