Three-dimensional particle tracking velocimetry (3D-PTV) has been applied to particle-laden pipe flow at Reynolds number 10,300, based on the bulk velocity and the pipe diameter. The volume fraction of the inertial particles was equal to 1.4 × 10-5. Lagrangian velocity and acceleration statistics were determined both for tracers and for inertial particles with Stokes number equal to 2.3, based on the particle relaxation time and the viscous time scale. The decay of Lagrangian velocity and acceleration correlation functions was measured both for the fluid and for the dispersed phase at various radial positions. The decay of Lagrangian velocity correlations is faster for inertial particles than for flow tracers, whereas the decay of Lagrangian acceleration correlations is about 25% slower for inertial particles than for flow tracers. Further differences between inertial and tracer particles are found in velocity fluctuations evaluated for both positive and negative time lags. The asymmetry in time of velocity cross-correlations is more pronounced for inertial particles. Quadrant analysis revealed another difference still near the wall: ejection and sweep events are less frequent for inertial particles than for tracers.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||International Journal of Multiphase Flow|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|