Laboratory experiments on flows over bottom topography

L. Zavala Sansón, G.J.F. van Heijst

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)


This chapter presents recent experimental studies on homogeneous flows simulating geophysical situations, in which the dynamics are dominated by the combination of rotation and topography. It also discusses the two-dimensionality of shallow, nonrotating fluid systems. The chapter then focuses on numerous examples that underline the role of topography effects in laboratory experiments with horizontal scales ranging from some centimeters to a few meters and vertical scales from some millimeters to about one meter. It briefly reviews some typical characteristics of the modeling of geophysical flows in rotating fluid containers as well as some aspects of shallow-layer flows. Several examples presented in chapter addresses specific oceanographic or atmospheric problems. For instance, the presence of a weak, linear topographic slope in a rotating tank simulates the planetary ß-effect.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationModeling atmospheric and oceanic flows
Subtitle of host publicationinsights from laboratory experiments and numerical simulations
EditorsTh. von Larcher, P.D. Williams
Number of pages20
ISBN (Print)9781118856024, 9781118855935
Publication statusPublished - 24 Nov 2014


  • Bottom topography
  • Rotating fluids
  • β-drift


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