The question of what causes job stress and what motivates people has received a lot of research attention during the past five decades. In this paper, we discuss Job Demands–Resources (JD-R) theory, which represents an extension of the Job Demands–Resources model (Bakker & Demerouti, 2007; Demerouti, Bakker, Nachreiner, & Schaufeli, 2001) and is inspired by job design and job stress theories. JD-R theory explains how job demands and resources have unique and multiplicative effects on job stress and motivation, and proposes the existence of reciprocal relationships between these variables. We hope that JD-R theory may help to guide future research and practice such that employees can work in healthier, more engaging, and more productive working environments.
|Journal||Revista de Psicología del Trabajo y de las Organizaciones|
|Publication status||Published - 2013|