Kinetics of high temperature biomass conversion

A. Veefkind, J. Guo, M.E.H. van Dongen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review


Biomass pyrolysis at high heating rates was investigated for temperatures between 900 and 1540 K, by means of shock tube experiments. Cellulose, lignin and pinewood were the considered materials. Heat transfer calculations indicate that the burnout times below 1100 K were mainly kinetically dominated. Low activation energies were found, particularly for cellulose and pinewood. This appears to be typical for the first decomposition reaction. A heating wire grid reactor was used to carry out char gasification experiments in CO2. The char was obtained by pyrolysis of pinewood and produced under different conditions (temperature, pressure, hold time and heating rate). The char gasification rate appeared to depend significantly on the char production conditions. For one char the gasification temperature and pressure was varied. In this way the activation energy and the order of the gasification reaction was investigated.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication33rd Plasmadynamics and Lasers Conference
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc. (AIAA)
ISBN (Print)9781624101144
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Event33rd Plasmadynamics and Lasers Conference 2002 - Maui, HI, United States
Duration: 20 May 200223 May 2002


Conference33rd Plasmadynamics and Lasers Conference 2002
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityMaui, HI


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