Kinetic simulation of an extreme ultraviolet radiation driven plasma near a multilayer mirror

M.H.L. Velden, van der, W.J.M. Brok, J.J.A.M. Mullen, van der, V.Y. Banine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Future generation lithog. tools will use extreme UV radiation to enable the printing of sub-50 nm features on silicon wafers. The extreme UV radiation, coming from a pulsed discharge, photoionizes the low pressure background gas in the tool. A weakly ionized plasma is formed, which will be in contact with the optical components of the lithog. device. In the plasma sheath region ions will be accelerated towards the surfaces of multilayer mirrors. A self-consistent kinetic particle-in-cell model has been applied to describe a radiation driven plasma. The simulations predict the plasma parameters and notably the energy at which ions impact on the plasma boundaries. We have studied the influence of photoelectron emission from the mirror on the sheath dynamics and on the ion impact energy. Furthermore, the ion impact energy distribution has been convoluted with the formula of Yamamura and Tawara [At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 62, 149 (1996)] for the sputter yield to obtain the rate of phys. sputtering. The model predicts that the sputter rate is dominated by the presence of doubly ionized argon ions. [on SciFinder (R)]
Original languageEnglish
Article number073303
Pages (from-to)073303-1/7
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume100
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

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