Investigation of stencil/ screen printing of silver (Ag) electrodes for ionic polymer metal composites (IPMCs)

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The main method for Ionic Polymer Metal Composite (IPMC) electrode fabrication employs RED-OX deposition of noble metals. However, as this chemical plating technique is expensive, time-consuming and uses dangerous chemicals, we investigate the deposition of silver (Ag) electrodes by an additive manufacturing technique; stencil/ screen printing. The results indicate exceptional adhesion and mechanical stability of the cured ink to the Nafion. Moreover, the electrical properties (surface resistance measurements with the 2-probe method), microstructure (with Scanning Electron Microscopy), in addition to the electro-Active properties (deflection measurements after slight hydration of sample in water and the application of square waveforms of 10 V in amplitude and 0.05 Hz in frequency) of the 5 mm x 20 mm Ag metalised IPMCs in a cantilever configuration are tested. Resistances are low, in the range of 1.1-1.6 ω, and SEM micrographs indicate electrodes of 10 μm in thickness. Preliminary results illustrate a similar relationship of the induced displacements and the applied voltages and for the samples. The methodology for the fabricated Ag-stencil/ screen printed-electroded IPMCs is introduced, and the properties of these IPMCs are exhibited. This paper hence presents a proof of principle study, utilising a method that can significantly reduce IPMC production costs, as it decreases material prises by approximately 98% and fabrication times from 48 hours down to less than an hour compared to the state-of-Theart technique.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationElectroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) XXI
EditorsYoseph Bar-Cohen, Iain A. Anderson, Nancy L. Johnson
PublisherSPIE
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781510625877
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Mar 2019
EventElectroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) XXI 2019 - Denver, United States
Duration: 4 Mar 20197 Mar 2019

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume10966
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X

Conference

ConferenceElectroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) XXI 2019
CountryUnited States
CityDenver
Period4/03/197/03/19

Fingerprint

Ionic Polymer-metal Composite
Screen printing
Silver
printing
Electrode
Polymers
Metals
silver
Electrodes
composite materials
electrodes
Composite materials
polymers
metals
Fabrication
3D printers
Surface resistance
Scanning electron microscopy
production costs
fabrication

Keywords

  • Additive manufacturing
  • Electrodes
  • Fabrication
  • Ionic Polymer Metal Composite (IPMC)
  • Manufacturing
  • Silver (Ag)
  • Stencil/ screen printing
  • electrodes
  • fabrication
  • additive manufacturing
  • stencil/screen printing
  • silver (Ag)
  • manufacturing

Cite this

Sideris, E. A., Augoulas, E. I., Homburg, E., van Maris, M. P., & de Lange, R. C. (2019). Investigation of stencil/ screen printing of silver (Ag) electrodes for ionic polymer metal composites (IPMCs). In Y. Bar-Cohen, I. A. Anderson, & N. L. Johnson (Eds.), Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) XXI [1096607] (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 10966). SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2514292
Sideris, Eva A. ; Augoulas, Evangelos I. ; Homburg, Erik ; van Maris, Marc P. ; de Lange, Rick C. / Investigation of stencil/ screen printing of silver (Ag) electrodes for ionic polymer metal composites (IPMCs). Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) XXI. editor / Yoseph Bar-Cohen ; Iain A. Anderson ; Nancy L. Johnson. SPIE, 2019. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering).
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Sideris, EA, Augoulas, EI, Homburg, E, van Maris, MP & de Lange, RC 2019, Investigation of stencil/ screen printing of silver (Ag) electrodes for ionic polymer metal composites (IPMCs). in Y Bar-Cohen, IA Anderson & NL Johnson (eds), Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) XXI., 1096607, Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, vol. 10966, SPIE, Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) XXI 2019, Denver, United States, 4/03/19. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2514292

Investigation of stencil/ screen printing of silver (Ag) electrodes for ionic polymer metal composites (IPMCs). / Sideris, Eva A.; Augoulas, Evangelos I.; Homburg, Erik; van Maris, Marc P.; de Lange, Rick C.

Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) XXI. ed. / Yoseph Bar-Cohen; Iain A. Anderson; Nancy L. Johnson. SPIE, 2019. 1096607 (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 10966).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Sideris, Eva A.

AU - Augoulas, Evangelos I.

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Sideris EA, Augoulas EI, Homburg E, van Maris MP, de Lange RC. Investigation of stencil/ screen printing of silver (Ag) electrodes for ionic polymer metal composites (IPMCs). In Bar-Cohen Y, Anderson IA, Johnson NL, editors, Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) XXI. SPIE. 2019. 1096607. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2514292