Investigation of steady-state tokamak issues by long pulse experiments on Tore Supra

G. Giruzzi, R. Abgrall, L. Allegretti, J. M. Ané, P. Angelino, T. Aniel, A. Argouarch, J. F. Artaud, S. Balme, V. Basiuk, P. Bayetti, A. Bécoulet, M. Bécoulet, L. Begrambekov, M. S. Benkadda, F. Benoit, G. Berger-by, B. Bertrand, P. Beyer, J. BlumD. Boilson, H. Bottollier-Curtet, C. Bouchand, F. Bouquey, C. Bourdelle, F. Brémond, S. Brémond, C. Brosset, J. Bucalossi, Y. Buravand, P. Cara, S. Carpentier, A. Casati, O. Chaibi, M. Chantant, P. Chappuis, M. Chatelier, G. Chevet, D. Ciazynski, G. Ciraolo, F. Clairet, J. Clary, L. Colas, Y. Corre, X. Courtois, N. Crouseilles, G. Darmet, M. Davi, R. Daviot, H. DeEsch, J. Decker, P. Decool, E. Delchambre, E. Delmas, L. Delpech, C. Desgranges, P. Devynck, L. Doceul, N. Dolgetta, D. Douai, H. Dougnac, J. L. Duchateau, R. Dumont, G. Dunand, A. Durocher, A. Ekedahl, D. Elbeze, L. G. Eriksson, A. Escarguel, F. Escourbiac, F. Faisse, G. Falchetto, M. Farge, J. L. Farjon, N. Fedorczak, C. Fenzi-Bonizec, X. Garbet, J. Garcia, J. L. Gardarein, L. Gargiulo, P. Garibaldi, E. Gauthier, A. Géraud, T. Gerbaud, M. Geynet, P. Ghendrih, C. Gil, M. Goniche, V. Grandgirard, C. Grisolia, G. Gros, A. Grosman, R. Guigon, D. Guilhem, B. Guillerminet, R. Guirlet, J. Gunn, S. Hacquin, J. C. Hatchressian, P. Hennequin, D. Henry, C. Hernandez, P. Hertout, S. Heuraux, J. Hillairet, G. T. Hoang, S. H. Hong, C. Honore, J. Hourtoule, M. Houry, T. Hutter, P. Huynh, G. Huysmans, F. Imbeaux, E. Joffrin, J. Johner, J. Y. Journeaux, F. Jullien, F. Kazarian, M. Kočan, B. Lacroix, V. Lamaison, J. Lasalle, G. Latu, Y. Lausenaz, C. Laviron, C. LeNiliot, M. Lennholm, F. Leroux, F. Linez, M. Lipa, X. Litaudon, T. Loarer, F. Lott, P. Lotte, J. F. Luciani, H. Lütjens, A. Macor, S. Madeleine, P. Magaud, P. Maget, R. Magne, L. Manenc, Y. Marandet, G. Marbach, J. L. Maréchal, C. Martin, V. Martin, A. Martinez, J. P. Martins, R. Masset, D. Mazon, L. Meunier, O. Meyer, L. Million, M. Missirlian, R. Mitteau, P. Mollard, V. Moncada, P. Monier-Garbet, D. Moreau, P. Moreau, M. Nannini, E. Nardon, H. Nehme, C. Nguyen, S. Nicollet, M. Ottaviani, D. Pacella, S. Pamela, T. Parisot, H. Parrat, P. Pastor, A. L. Pecquet, B. Pégourié, V. Petrzilka, Y. Peysson, C. Portafaix, M. Prou, N. Ravenel, R. Reichle, C. Reux, P. Reynaud, M. Richou, F. Rigollet, F. Rimini, H. Roche, S. Rosanvallon, J. Roth, P. Roubin, R. Sabot, F. Saint-Laurent, S. Salasca, T. Salmon, F. Samaille, A. Santagiustina, B. Saoutic, Y. Sarazin, J. Schlosser, K. Schneider, M. Schneider, F. Schwander, J. L. Ségui, J. Signoret, A. Simonin, S. Song, E. Sonnendruker, P. Spuig, L. Svensson, P. Tamain, M. Tena, J. M. Theis, M. Thonnat, A. Torre, J. M. Travère, E. Trier, E. Tsitrone, F. Turco, J. C. Vallet, A. Vatry, L. Vermare, F. Villecroze, D. Villegas, D. Voyer, K. Vulliez, W. Xiao, D. Yu, L. Zani, X. L. Zou, W. Zwingmann

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17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The main results of the Tore Supra experimental programme in the years 2007-2008 are reported. They document significant progress achieved in the domain of steady-state tokamak research, as well as in more general issues relevant for ITER and for fusion physics research. Three areas are covered: ITER relevant technology developments and tests in a real machine environment, tokamak operational issues for high power and long pulses, and fusion plasma physics. Results presented in this paper include test and validation of a new, load-resilient concept of ion cycotron resonance heating antenna and of an inspection robot operated under ultra-high vacuum and high temperature conditions; an extensive experimental campaign (5 h of plasma) aiming at deuterium inventory and carbon migration studies; real-time control of sawteeth by electron cyclotron current drive in the presence of fast ion tails; ECRH-assisted plasma start-up studies; dimensionless scalings of transport and turbulence; transport experiments using active perturbation methods; resistive and fast-particle driven MHD studies. The potential role of Tore Supra in the worldwide fusion programme before the start of ITER operation is also discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)104010
JournalNuclear Fusion
Volume49
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2009
Externally publishedYes

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