Investigation of multi-frequency generation in the FEM

P.J. Eecen, A.V. Tulupov, T.J. Schep

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The FOM Fusion FEM project involves the construction and operation of a 1-MW, 100 ms pulse, rapid tunable FEM in the 130–250 GHz range for fusion applications. The undulator of the FEM consists of two sections with different strengths and different lengths separated by a gap without undulator field. The design provides arbitrary focussing. Single frequency codes predict a much higher output power for the two-section undulator than for a one-section undulator. However, the different undulator strengths lead to different resonance conditions and therefore, in principle, multiple frequencies can be generated. This problem of multi-frequency generation due to the two-section undulator is under investigation. First results are presented in this paper. The longitudinal mode structure of the FEM is simulated in a multi-pass, multi-frequency code. In this code the electrons are described fully 3D, non-wiggler averaged and in the long pulse limit. AC longitudinal space-charge forces are included. The radiation field is considered to have the known transverse radial dependence of a HE11-mode, due to the rectangular corrugated waveguide of the FEM. A multi-pass calculation in the single-frequency limit is presented, where the field grows into saturation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)309-312
Number of pages4
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Issue number1-3
Publication statusPublished - 1995


Dive into the research topics of 'Investigation of multi-frequency generation in the FEM'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this