Investigation of ion energy distribution functions in EUV-induced plasmas by ion mass spectrometry

T.H.M. van de Ven, P. Reefman, E.A. Osorio, V.Y. Banine, J. Beckers

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractAcademic

167 Downloads (Pure)


The creation of plasma by direct photo ionization by extreme ultraviolet radiation (EUV, 13.5 nm) is a common phenomenon in extraterrestrial planetary nebulae. However, this process has been difficult to reproduce in a laboratory because of the scarceness of EUV radiation sources. With the development of next-generation lithography tools, using EUV radiation to create smaller features on computer chips, EUV induced plasmas are now created in the low pressure background gas in lithography tools. Industries have realized that these plasmas are of significant importance with respect to machine lifetime. EUV induced plasmas affect exposed surfaces due to impacting ions. In this research an ion mass spectrometer, capable of measuring mass resolved energy spectra, is used to investigate the ion fluxes and ion energy distribution functions (IEDF) of EUV-induced plasmas. A xenon pinch discharge produces EUV radiation, which is focused into a measuring vessel with a low pressure hydrogen environment. In this vessel photo ionization creates free electrons with energies up to 76 eV, which further ionize the background gas by electron impact ionization. Ions are sampled through a 50 μm orifice in the spectrometer's front plate. The influence of pressure and EUV power on the IEDF of the EUV-induces plasma are investigated. The results show the fast transformation of H2+ to H3+ by collisions with the background gas as a decrease in H2+ / H3+-ratio with pressure and distance to the EUV beam.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jun 2016
Event43th IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science, ICOPS 2016 - Banff, Canada
Duration: 19 Jun 201623 Jun 2016
Conference number: 43


Conference43th IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science, ICOPS 2016
Abbreviated titleICOPS 2016
Internet address


  • EUV Lithography
  • plasma
  • EUV plasma


Dive into the research topics of 'Investigation of ion energy distribution functions in EUV-induced plasmas by ion mass spectrometry'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this