Investigating travelers’ heterogeneous attitudes toward losses: insights from a stated preference experiment

Xiaofeng Pan (Corresponding author), Zhi Zuo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

This paper aims to investigate the heterogeneity property of travelers’ loss attitudes. Specifically, three assumptions are made: 1) travelers’ loss attitudes are attribute-specific; 2) travelers’ loss attitudes are related to their socio-demographic attributes; and 3) the reverse of loss aversion may also occur to some travelers. An ordered logit model allowing for heterogeneous loss-attitude effect is proposed, whose ability is proved by two synthetic data sets. An empirical data set based on a stated preference experiment is further collected and used to examine the three assumptions. The estimation results confirm all proposed assumptions and reveal some interesting insights about the influence of loss attitude in travelers’ choice behavior that rarely found in previous studies. In addition, an analysis of WTP/WTA involving travelers’ loss attitudes is also carried out.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages11
JournalTransportation Letters : International Journal of Transportation Research
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 21 Sep 2019

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Keywords

  • Heterogeneous loss attitudes
  • loss aversion
  • loss unconcern
  • ordered logit model
  • stated preference experiment

Cite this

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title = "Investigating travelers’ heterogeneous attitudes toward losses: insights from a stated preference experiment",
abstract = "This paper aims to investigate the heterogeneity property of travelers’ loss attitudes. Specifically, three assumptions are made: 1) travelers’ loss attitudes are attribute-specific; 2) travelers’ loss attitudes are related to their socio-demographic attributes; and 3) the reverse of loss aversion may also occur to some travelers. An ordered logit model allowing for heterogeneous loss-attitude effect is proposed, whose ability is proved by two synthetic data sets. An empirical data set based on a stated preference experiment is further collected and used to examine the three assumptions. The estimation results confirm all proposed assumptions and reveal some interesting insights about the influence of loss attitude in travelers’ choice behavior that rarely found in previous studies. In addition, an analysis of WTP/WTA involving travelers’ loss attitudes is also carried out.",
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AB - This paper aims to investigate the heterogeneity property of travelers’ loss attitudes. Specifically, three assumptions are made: 1) travelers’ loss attitudes are attribute-specific; 2) travelers’ loss attitudes are related to their socio-demographic attributes; and 3) the reverse of loss aversion may also occur to some travelers. An ordered logit model allowing for heterogeneous loss-attitude effect is proposed, whose ability is proved by two synthetic data sets. An empirical data set based on a stated preference experiment is further collected and used to examine the three assumptions. The estimation results confirm all proposed assumptions and reveal some interesting insights about the influence of loss attitude in travelers’ choice behavior that rarely found in previous studies. In addition, an analysis of WTP/WTA involving travelers’ loss attitudes is also carried out.

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