This paper proposes a scheme to predict whether a compound (1) is mainly stored within lipid tissues, (2) has additional storage sites (e.g., proteins), or (3) is metabolized/eliminated with a reduced bioconcentration. The approach is based on two validated QSAR (Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship) trees, whose salient features are: (a) descriptor interpretability and (b) simplicity. Trees were developed for 779 organic compounds, the TGD approach was used to quantify the lipid-driven bioconcentration, and a refined machine-learning optimization procedure was applied. We focused on molecular descriptor interpretation, which allowed us to gather new mechanistic insights into the bioconcentration mechanisms.
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© 2015 Elsevier Ltd.
- Molecular descriptors