Shared parking allows the effective use of undersupplied parking spaces and contributes to the alleviation of urban parking problems, traffic congestion, environmental pollution, and other negative externalities of traffic. However, little is known about the acceptance of shared parking by consumers of a different socio-demographic profile. To understand the feasibility and potential success of shared parking, this paper develops a stated choice experiment with three choice options: fixed mode shared parking, flexible mode shared parking and not interested, to investigate parking space owners’ propensity to engage in shared parking under varying conditions. Because the demand for shared parking is uncertain, the revenues owners may generate are uncertain. As one of the most popular theories of decision making under uncertainty, the cumulative prospect theory is incorporated into a multinomial logit model to capture the decision problem in which some variables are uncertain and others are not. The revenue that owners expect shared parking can bring is used as the reference point to differentiate between gains and losses. Gains refer to outcomes that exceed the reference point, while losses refer to outcomes that fall short. To examine unobserved heterogeneity, a random parameter version of the model is specified to estimate the distribution of decision weights across the sample. Results show that socio-demographic characteristics, context variables, revenues and psychological concerns are all important factors in explaining parking space owners’ propensity to engage in platform-based shared parking schemes. Incorporating unobserved heterogeneous improves the overall goodness-of-fit of the model. Understanding parking space owners’ propensity to share their parking spaces in relation to their psychological concerns and uncertain conditions is critical to improve shared parking policies. The results of this paper may help designers and planners in the delivery of shared parking services and promote the success and future growth of the shared parking industry.
|Number of pages||18|
|Journal||Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2020|
- Multinomial logit model
- Prospect theory
- Random parameter model
- Shared parking