Investigating optically-excited THz standing spin waves using noncollinear magnetic bilayers

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We investigate optically excited THz standing spin waves in noncollinear magnetic bilayers. Using femtosecond laser-pulse excitation, a spin current is generated in the first ferromagnetic (FM) layer, and flows through a conductive spacer layer to be injected into the second (transverse) FM layer, where it exerts a spin-transfer torque on the magnetization and excites higher-order standing spin waves. We show that the noncollinear magnetic bilayer is a convenient tool that allows easy excitation of THz spin waves, and can be used to investigate the dispersion and thereby the spin wave stiffness parameter in the thin-film regime. This is experimentally demonstrated using wedge-shaped Co and CoB (absorption) layers. Furthermore, the damping of these THz spin waves is investigated, showing a strong increase of the damping with decreasing absorption layer thickness, much stronger than expected from interface spin pumping effects. Additionally, a previously unseen sudden decrease in the damping for the thinnest films is observed. A model for the additional damping contribution incorporating both these observations is proposed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1903.02802v1
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 7 Mar 2019


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