Introducing a Rasch-type anthropomorphism scale

Peter A.M. Ruijten, Diane H.L. Bouten, Dana C.J. Rouschop, Jaap Ham, Cees J.H. Midden

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademic

21 Citations (Scopus)
8 Downloads (Pure)


In human-robot interaction research, much attention is given to the extent to which people perceive humanlike attributes in robots. Generally, the concept anthropomorphism is used to describe this process. Anthropomorphism is defined in different ways, with much focus on either typical human attributes or uniquely human attributes. This difference has caused different measurement tools to be developed. We argue that anthropomorphism can best be described as a continuum ranging from low to high human likeness, and should be measured accordingly. We found that anthropomorphic characteristics can be invariantly ordered according to the ease with which these can be ascribed to robots.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHRI 2014 - Proceedings of the 2014 ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Number of pages2
ISBN (Print)9781450326582
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014
Event9th Annual ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction, HRI 2014 - Bielefeld, Germany
Duration: 3 Mar 20146 Mar 2014


Conference9th Annual ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction, HRI 2014

Bibliographical note

HRI'14 : Proceedings of the 2014 ACM/IEEE international conference on Human-robot interaction


  • Anthropomorphism
  • Rasch


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