Intrinsic optical bistability of thin films of linear molecular aggregates : the two-exciton approximation

J.A. Klugkist, V.A. Malyshev, J. Knoester

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    We generalize our recent work on the optical bistability of thin films of molecular aggregates [ J. A. Klugkist et al., J. Chem. Phys. 127, 164705 (2007) ] by accounting for the optical transitions from the one-exciton manifold to the two-exciton manifold as well as the exciton-exciton annihilation of the two-exciton states via a high-lying molecular vibronic term. We also include the relaxation from the vibronic level back to both the one-exciton manifold and the ground state. By selecting the dominant optical transitions between the ground state, the one-exciton manifold, and the two-exciton manifold, we reduce the problem to four levels, enabling us to describe the nonlinear optical response of the film. The one- and two-exciton states are obtained by diagonalizing a Frenkel Hamiltonian with an uncorrelated on-site (diagonal) disorder. The optical dynamics is described by means of the density matrix equations coupled to the electromagnetic field in the film. We show that the one- to two-exciton transitions followed by a fast exciton-exciton annihilation promote the occurrence of bistability and reduce the switching intensity. We provide estimates of pertinent parameters for actual materials and conclude that the effect can be realized.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number084706
    Pages (from-to)084706-1/9
    JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
    Issue number8
    Publication statusPublished - 2008


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