Interplay between natural and artificial intelligence in training autistic children with robots

E.I. Barakova, T. Lourens

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

    5 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The need to understand and model human-like behavior and intelligence has been embraced by a multidisciplinary community for several decades. The success so far has been shown in solutions for a concrete task or a competence, and these solutions are seldom a truly multidisciplinary effort. In this paper we analyze the needs and the opportunities for combining artificial intelligence and bio-inspired computation within an application domain that provides a cluster of solutions instead of searching for a solution to a single task. We analyze applications of training children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) with a humanoid robot, because it must include multidisciplinary effort and at the same time there is a clear need for better models of human-like behavior which will be tested in real life scenarios through these robots. We designed, implemented, and carried out three applied behavior analysis (ABA) based robot interventions. All interventions aim to promote self initiated social behavior in children with ASD. We found out that the standardization of the robot training scenarios and using unified robot platforms can be an enabler for integrating multiple intelligent and bio-inspired algorithms for creation of tailored, but domain specific robot skills and competencies. This approach might set a new trend to how artificial and bio-inspired robot applications develop. We suggest that social computing techniques are a pragmatic solution to creation of standardized training scenarios and therefore enable the replacement of perceivably intelligent robot behaviors with truly intelligent ones.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationNatural and Artificial Models in Computation and Biology - 5th International Work-Conference on the Interplay Between Natural and Artificial Computation, IWINAC 2013, Proceedings
    EditorsJ.M.F. Vicente, J.R. Alvarez Sánchez, F. de la Paz López, J. Toledo Moreo
    PublisherSpringer
    Pages161-170
    Number of pages10
    EditionPART 1
    ISBN (Electronic)978-3-642-38637-4
    ISBN (Print)9783642386367
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013
    Event5th International Work-Conference on the Interplay Between Natural and Artificial Computation (IWINAC 2013), 10-14 June 2013, Mallorca, Spain - Mallorca, Spain
    Duration: 10 Jun 201314 Jun 2013

    Publication series

    NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
    NumberPART 1
    Volume7930 LNCS
    ISSN (Print)03029743
    ISSN (Electronic)16113349

    Conference

    Conference5th International Work-Conference on the Interplay Between Natural and Artificial Computation (IWINAC 2013), 10-14 June 2013, Mallorca, Spain
    Country/TerritorySpain
    CityMallorca
    Period10/06/1314/06/13

    Keywords

    • ABA therapy with humanoid robots
    • Artificial intelligence
    • bio-inspired computing
    • machine learning
    • training children with autism with robots

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