Interaction of H, O and OH with metal surfaces

M.T.M. Koper, R.A. Santen, van

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

149 Citations (Scopus)
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The interaction of the primary water dissociation products H, O and OH with various (111) metal surfaces is studied by density functional theory (DFT) calculations using clusters. It is found that H forms an essentially covalent bond with the metal, whereas O and OH form a largely ionic bond. The O and OH adsorbates prefer the high coordination three-fold hollow site on all metals: no such clear trend for H is found, the adsorption energy for on-top and hollow sites being comparable for most metals, especially on transition metals. The O and OH adsorbates are attracted towards, and donate some electronic charge to, the surface when a positive electric field (electrode potential) is applied, whereas the effect of an applied field on H adsorption is much smaller. We also show how the trends in the OH adsorption energies on different metals, as compared with O adsorption, can be explained by a weaker covalent interaction and a stronger Pauli repulsion of the OH with the metal d electrons.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)126-136
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Electroanalytical Chemistry
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1999


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