Integrating knowledge, skills and attitudes : conceptualising learning processes towards vocational competence

L.K.J. Baartman, E. Bruijn, de

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    116 Citations (Scopus)
    2 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Current research focuses on competence development and complex professional tasks. However, learning processes towards the integration of knowledge, skills and attitudes largely remain a blackbox.This article conceptualises three integration processes,in anal- ogy to theories on transfer.Knowledge,skills and attitudes are defined, reconciling different research perspectives.Low-roadintegration is hypothesised to occur through practice towards automatisation.High-road integration requires reflection on the task besides prac- tice. Transformative integration requires critical(self)reflection and openness to change. A model of different professional tasks is presented, offering hypotheses regarding different integration processes,which provides a basis for further empirical research.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)125-134
    Number of pages10
    JournalEducational Research Review
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2011

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