Insights Into the Correspondence Between Land Use Pattern and Spatial Distribution of Rail Transit Services

Zhongqi Wang (Corresponding author), Qi Han, Bauke de Vries, Li Dai

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3 Citations (Scopus)
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The identification of the relationship between land use and transport lays the foundation for integrated land use and transport planning and management. This work aims to investigate how rail transit is linked to land use. The research on the relationship between land use and rail-based transport is dominated by the impacts of rail projects on land use, without an in-depth understanding of the reverse. However, it is important to note that issues of operation management rather than new constructions deserve greater attention for regions with established rail networks. Given that there is a correspondence between land use patterns and spatial distribution of heavy railway transit (HRT) services at such regions, the study area (i.e., the Netherlands) is partitioned by the Voronoi diagram of HRT stations and the causal relationship between land use and
HRT services is examined by structural equation modeling (SEM). The case study of Helmond (a Dutch city) shows the potential of the SEM model for discussing the rail station selection problem in a multiple transit station region (MTSR). Furthermore, in this study, the node place model is adapted with the derivatives of the SEM model (i.e., the latent variable scores for rail service levels and land use characteristics), which are assigned as node and place indexes respectively, to analyze and differentiate the integration of land use and HRT services at the regional level. The answer to whether and how land use affects rail transit services from this study strengthens the scientific basis for rail transit operations management. The SEM model and the modified node place model are
complementary to be used as analytical and decision making tools for rail transit-oriented regional development.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)907-928
Number of pages22
JournalApplied Spatial Analysis and Policy
Issue number4
Early online date1 May 2021
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021


  • Land use
  • Land use and transport integration
  • Rail transit
  • Regional development


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