Insertion process of ceramic nanoporous microneedles by means of a novel mechanical applicator design

X.H.M. Hartmann, P. van der Linde, F.G.A. Homburg, L.C.A. van Breemen, A.M. de Jong, R. Luttge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)
192 Downloads (Pure)


Arrays of microneedles (MNAs) are integrated in an out-of-plane fashion with a base plate and can serve as patches for the release of drugs and vaccines. We used soft-lithography and micromolding to manufacture ceramic nanoporous (np)MNAs. Failure modes of ceramic npMNAs are as yet poorly understood and the question remained: is our npMNA platform technology ready for microneedle (MN) assembly into patches? We investigated npMNAs by microindentation, yielding average crack fracture forces above the required insertion force for a single MN to penetrate human skin. We further developed a thumb pressure-actuated applicator-assisted npMNA insertion method, which enables anchoring of MNs in the skin by an adhesive in one handling step. Using a set of simple artificial skin models, we found a puncture efficiency of this insertion method a factor three times higher than by applying thumb pressure on the npMNA base plate directly. In addition, this new method facilitated zero MN-breakage due to a well-defined force distribution exerted onto the MNs and the closely surrounding area prior to bringing the adhesive into contact with the skin. Owing to the fact that such parameter space exists, we can conclude that npMNAs by soft lithography are a platform technology for MN assembly into a patch.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)503-522
Number of pages20
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 18 Nov 2015


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