Infrared reflector based on liquid crystal polymers and its impact on thermal comfort conditions in buildings

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Abstract

There has been a huge increase in the global demand of energy over the last few years. One of the main contributors to energy consumption in buildings, cars, greenhouses and indoor spaces is the cooling devices needed to maintain the indoor temperature at comfortable levels. To reduce the energy used by cooling devices, we need improved light control in transparent building elements, such as windows. Infrared (IR) reflectors applied to the windows for rejection of infrared light would be very attractive, especially if they do not affect light in the visible region. A method to selectively and precisely control infrared transmission is via the use of cholesteric liquid crystal (Ch-LC) polymer reflectors. Ch-LCs, also known as chiral-nematic LCs, reflect circularly polarized light as a result of their self-organizing molecular helices. The pitch of the helix in these networks determines the wavelength of reflection. In contrast to existing alternatives, they are characterized by a very sharp cut-off between the transmissive and the reflective state enabling exact tailoring of the heat reflection. In this article we have focused on fabrication of infrared reflectors using Ch-LCs and a computational model was used to predict the energy savings of this IR-reflector in an office building in Abu Dhabi which indicated that 6 % energy savings can be realized.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLiquid Crystals XVIII, August 17, 2014, San Diego, USA
EditorsI. C. Khoo
Place of PublicationBellingham
PublisherSPIE
Pages91820S-1/8
ISBN (Print)9781628412093
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
EventLiquid Crystals XVIII : August 17-20, 2014, San Diego, CA, USA - San Diego, United States
Duration: 17 Aug 201420 Aug 2014

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE
Volume9182
ISSN (Print)0277-786X

Conference

ConferenceLiquid Crystals XVIII : August 17-20, 2014, San Diego, CA, USA
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego
Period17/08/1420/08/14

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