Influence of Ziegler-Natta Catalyst regioselectivity on polypropylene molecular weight distribution and rheological and crystallization behavior

J.C. Chadwick, F.P.T.J. Burgt, van der, S. Rastogi, V. Busico, R. Cipullo, G. Talarico, J.J.R. Heere

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

75 Citations (Scopus)
2 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Fundamental implications of occasional secondary (2,1-) insertions in propene polymerization with different MgCl2-supported Ziegler-Natta catalysts are discussed, with reference to the properties of the polymers obtained. The relatively narrow molecular weight distribution of polypropylene prepared using catalysts of type MgCl2/TiCl4/diether-AlR3 is ascribed to the fact that the active species in this system are relatively uniform, in the sense that significant 2,1-insertion takes place at both highly isospecific and weakly isospecific active species. In contrast, the isospecific species in the catalyst system MgCl2/TiCl4/diisobutyl phthalate-AlEt3-alkoxysilane undergo less 2,1-insertion and are therefore less responsive to chain transfer with hydrogen. The presence of (some) highly regiospecific active sites in such catalysts will therefore lead to the formation of a high molecular weight polymer fraction and, overall, a broad molecular weight distribution. The presence of high molecular weight chains leads to relatively slow molecular relaxation and a more rapid onset of crystallization of the polymer from the melt, as evidenced by rheological studies of polypropylenes prepared using different catalysts and having different molecular weight distributions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9722-9727
JournalMacromolecules
Volume37
Issue number26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Influence of Ziegler-Natta Catalyst regioselectivity on polypropylene molecular weight distribution and rheological and crystallization behavior'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this