Influence of the residential and work environment on car use in dual-earner households

K. Maat, H.J.P. Timmermans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

72 Citations (Scopus)
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This paper analyses whether the decision to commute by car is influenced by built environment characteristics of residential neighbourhoods and, more especially, of work locations, taking into account interdependencies between household partners. It shows that the residential environment only affects car use among single-earners. Conversely, for all commuters, but in particular for dual-earners, characteristics of the work location affect whether they commute by car. Even in dual-earner households with two cars, work environment plays a role. We found that in cases of dual-earners with only one car, the partners with the longest commuting distances and the lowest density work locations are most likely to commute by car. Moreover, in households with young children, men are more inclined to leave the car at home. Other features relating to work also affect car commuting, including work flexibility and, especially, possession of a company car. We conclude that future policies aimed at reducing car use should place greater focus on work factors. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)654-664
JournalTransportation Research. Part A: Policy and Practice
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2009


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