Influence of liquid viscosity and surface tension on the gas-liquid mass transfer coefficient for solid foam packings in co-current two-phase flow

C.P. Stemmet, F. Bartelds, J. Schaaf, van der, B.F.M. Kuster, J.C. Schouten

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Abstract

The gas–liquid mass transfer coefficient and other hydrodynamic parameters such as liquid holdup and frictional pressure drop are presented for gas and liquid moving in co-current upflow and downflow through solid foam packings of 10 and of 40 pores per linear inch (ppi). The effect of increasing the liquid viscosity on the mass transfer coefficient in co-current upflowis quantified and correlated to the frictional pressure drop, a measure of the frictional energy dissipation: kLaGLeL(ScL/Scwater)^0.69 = 2.05 × 10-4 Pf^0.8 (mL^3 mP^-3 s^-1). The gas–liquid mass transfer coefficient in co-current downflowis correlated to the liquid velocity and the Schmidt number using the correlation proposed by Sherwood and Holloway [Sherwood, T. and Holloway, F., 1940, Performance of packed towers—liquid film data for several packings, Transactions of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers 36: 39–70]: kLaGL eLD-1 L = 3.7(uL??L??-1L )1.16(ScL)0.5 (mL mP-3). The results for the gas–liquid mass transfer coefficient in co-current upflowwere correlated with a similar equation, where the influence of the gas velocity is included, similar to the correlations for packed beds of spherical particles proposed in Fukushima and Kusaka [Fukushima, S. and Kusaka, K., 1979, Gas–liquid mass transfer and hydrodynamic flow region in packed columns with cocurrent upward flow, Journal of Chemical Engineering of Japan 12 (4): 296–301]: kLaGL eLD-1 L = 311u0.44 G (uL??L??-1 L )0.92(ScL)0.5 (mL mP-3). In this study the liquid Schmidt number dependency of the gas–liquid mass transfer coefficient points to the penetration theory describing the rate of mass transfer for gas–liquid flow through solid foam packings. © 2007 The Institution of Chemical Engineers. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1094-1106
JournalChemical Engineering Research and Design
Volume86
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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