Influence of limited field-of-view on wall stress analysis in abdominal aortic aneurysms

E.M.J. van Disseldorp, K.H. Hobelman, N.J. Petterson, F.N. van de Vosse, M.R.H.M. van Sambeek, R.G.P. Lopata

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Abstract

Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) are local dilations of the aorta which can lead to a fatal hemorrhage when ruptured. Wall stress analysis of AAAs has been widely reported in literature to predict the risk of rupture. Usually, the complete AAA geometry including the aortic bifurcation is obtained by computed tomography (CT). However, performing wall stress analysis based on 3D ultrasound (3D US) has many advantages over CT, although, the field-of-view (FOV) of 3D US is limited and the aortic bifurcation is not easily imaged. In this study, the influence of a limited FOV is examined by performing wall stress analysis on CT-based (total) AAA geometries in 10 patients, and observing the changes in 99th percentile stresses and median stresses while systematically limiting the FOV.Results reveal that changes in the 99th percentile wall stresses are less than 10% when the proximal and distal shoulders of the aneurysm are in the shortened FOV. Wall stress results show that the presence of the aortic bifurcation in the FOV does not influence the wall stresses in high stress regions. Hence, the necessity of assessing the complete FOV, including the aortic bifurcation, is of minor importance. When the proximal and distal shoulders of the AAA are in the FOV, peak wall stresses can be detected adequately.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2405–2412
JournalJournal of Biomechanics
Volume49
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Aug 2016

Keywords

  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm
  • Computed tomography
  • Ultrasound
  • Wall stress

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