Controlling the interaction between metal nanoparticles and the support is a means to tune catalytic activity and stability. Herein we investigated the influence of the morphology of hematite on the performance of gold for CO oxidation. Nanosphere and nanorod forms of hematite, α-Fe2O3(S) and α-Fe2O3(R) respectively, were used to support gold nanoparticles. The surface of α-Fe2O3(R) was more corrugated than that of α-Fe2O3(S). These defects provide anchoring sites for gold nanoparticle deposition and stabilization. Due to the stronger gold-support interactions, Au/α-Fe2O3(R) contained smaller and more hemispherical gold particles than Au/α-Fe2O3(S). Au/α-Fe2O3(R) was not only more active in CO oxidation but also much more stable as evident from the small change in gold particle size during reaction. The higher reducibility of Au/α-Fe2O3(R) also contributed to the higher CO oxidation activity.
- CO oxidation