Influence of gas fraction on wall-to-liquid heat transfer in dense bubbly flows

Aniruddha Panda, Yela Ezra Johannis Weitkamp, A.H. Rajkotwala, E. A.J.F. Peters, Maike W. Baltussen (Corresponding author), J. A.M. Kuipers

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Abstract

Bubbly flows are used in industrial processes to facilitate efficient mass and heat transfer for gas-liquid contact operations accompanied by chemical transformations, which are often associated with substantial heat liberation due to exothermic reactions. In this paper we study the heat transfer enhancement from a hot wall to bulk liquid, in the presence of bubbles. We use computational fluid dynamics, and specifically apply the local front reconstruction method as interface-tracking method. When a single bubble rises near a wall, the thermal boundary layer is sharpened enhancing heat transfer. This enhancement is initially located near the equator of the bubble, and then shifts to the wake of the bubble. Using stream wise periodic boundary conditions for flow and heat transfer, the wall-to-liquid heat transfer for developed flow conditions is quantified as function of gas fraction. The enhancement is strongly correlated with the relative bubble distance from the wall.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100037
Number of pages15
JournalChemical Engineering Science: X
Volume4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2019

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Gases
Heat transfer
Liquids
Exothermic reactions
Bubbles (in fluids)
Contacts (fluid mechanics)
Computational fluid dynamics
Boundary layers
Mass transfer
Boundary conditions
Hot Temperature

Keywords

  • Bubbly flows
  • Heat transfer enhancement
  • Local Front Reconstruction Method
  • Periodic boundaries
  • Single field formulation

Cite this

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title = "Influence of gas fraction on wall-to-liquid heat transfer in dense bubbly flows",
abstract = "Bubbly flows are used in industrial processes to facilitate efficient mass and heat transfer for gas-liquid contact operations accompanied by chemical transformations, which are often associated with substantial heat liberation due to exothermic reactions. In this paper we study the heat transfer enhancement from a hot wall to bulk liquid, in the presence of bubbles. We use computational fluid dynamics, and specifically apply the local front reconstruction method as interface-tracking method. When a single bubble rises near a wall, the thermal boundary layer is sharpened enhancing heat transfer. This enhancement is initially located near the equator of the bubble, and then shifts to the wake of the bubble. Using stream wise periodic boundary conditions for flow and heat transfer, the wall-to-liquid heat transfer for developed flow conditions is quantified as function of gas fraction. The enhancement is strongly correlated with the relative bubble distance from the wall.",
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AU - Panda, Aniruddha

AU - Weitkamp, Yela Ezra Johannis

AU - Rajkotwala, A.H.

AU - Peters, E. A.J.F.

AU - Baltussen, Maike W.

AU - Kuipers, J. A.M.

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