Influence of elevated pressure and particle lyophobicity on hydrodynamics and gas-liquid mass transfer in slurry bubble columns

V.P. Chilekar, J. Schaaf, van der, B.F.M. Kuster, J.T. Tinge, J.C. Schouten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article reports on the influence of elevated pressure and catalyst particle lyophobicity at particle concentrations up to 3 vol % on the hydrodynamics and the gas-to-liquid mass transfer in a slurry bubble column. The study was done with demineralized water (aqueous phase) and Isopar-M oil (organic phase) slurries in a 0.15 m internal diameter bubble column operated at pressures ranging from 0.1 to 1.3 MPa. The overall gas hold-up, the flow regime transition point, the average large bubble diameter, and the centerline liquid velocity were measured along with the gas-liquid mass transfer coefficient. The gas hold-up and the flow regime transition point are not influenced by the presence of lyophilic particles. Lyophobic particles shift the regime transition to a higher gas velocity and cause foam formation. Increasing operating pressure significantly increases the gas hold-up and the regime transition velocity, irrespective of the particle lyophobicity. The gas-liquid mass transfer coefficient is proportional to the gas hold-up for all investigated slurries and is not affected by the particle lyophobicity, the particle concentration, and the operating pressure. A correlation is presented to estimate the gas-liquid mass transfer coefficient as a function of the measured gas hold-up: k1a1/ eg = 3.0v(Du¿ /d¿) s-1
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)584-596
JournalAIChE Journal
Volume56
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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