Indoor air quality vs. energy use in a beer brewery : assessment of ventilation methods and systems using CFD

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The production in industrial buildings can have a large impact on the indoor air quality. For example, in beer breweries several processes influence the indoor air quality to a large extent, such as the fermentation process, which is accompanied by a strong emission of CO2 gas. Employees working inside this kind of rooms can be exposed to high CO2 concentrations. This paper presents Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations to analyze three different ventilation configurations for an enclosure in which a fermentation process results in high CO2 emission levels. High-resolution steady 3D Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) simulations were used to assess different ventilation methods and system designs, with the aim to realize a healthy indoor environment using a minimal amount of energy. The results showed that the ventilation configuration should be designed in such a way that it optimally takes advantage of the density difference between the ambient air and the released CO2 gas. In this particular case, a highly uniform downward directed flow using a low supply velocity showed the best performance (lowest CO2 concentrations), with a similar supply volume flow rate as used for the other configurations (and thus equal energy use).
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of Healthy Buildings Europe 2015 : 18-20 May 2015, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Place of Publications.l
PublisherISIAQ International
Publication statusPublished - 2015
EventHealthy Buildings Europe 2015, HB 2015 - Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, Netherlands
Duration: 18 May 201520 May 2015


ConferenceHealthy Buildings Europe 2015, HB 2015
Abbreviated titleHB 2015 Europe
Internet address


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