Individual differences in learning to teach: Relating cognition, regulation and affect

Ida E. Oosterheert, Jan D. Vermunt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

103 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of this study was to describe individual differences in learning to teach. Thirty secondary student teachers were interviewed about several components of their learning: mental models of learning to teach, learning activities, regulation in general, emotion regulation in particular, ideal self as a teacher and concerns. The interviews were qualitatively analysed, resulting in the identification of three to five categories per component. Homogeneity analysis demonstrated that many of these categories are related within individuals. Five orientations to learning to teach were discerned; an open meaning orientation, a closed meaning orientation, an open reproduction orientation, a closed reproduction orientation, and a survival orientation. The five orientations may be indicative of how progress in the quality of individual learning evolves.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-156
Number of pages24
JournalLearning and Instruction
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • Emotion
  • Experiential learning
  • Homogeneity analysis
  • Individual differences
  • Learning styles
  • Learning to teach
  • Orientations to learning
  • Self-regulation


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