Individual differences in adapting to three different tasks of selecting information from texts

Gonny L.M. Schellings, Bernadette H.A.M. Van Hout-Wolters, Jan D. Vermunt

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11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined individual differences in selecting main points according to three types of tasks. In all, 133 students (10th-graders) participated. Each student studied three instructional texts, and each text was preceded by one instruction. In the linguistic task, the students had to underline the author's main points. In the educational task, students had to underline text elements considered to be important by a portrayed teacher. And in the interest task, interesting text fragments had to be underlined. The students were divided into five groups identified by a typical selection pattern. Only 24 students adjusted their selection of main points to each of the tasks (the adaptive group). This group differed in some study strategies and learning conceptions from the nonadaptive groups. In all, this study begins to give more insight into individual differences in selecting main points.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)423-446
Number of pages24
JournalContemporary Educational Psychology
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1996
Externally publishedYes

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