India’s energy sector choices—options and implications of ambitious mitigation efforts

Ritu Mathur, Swapnil Shekhar (Corresponding author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


This article examines the choices that might be needed for India’s energy sector under alternative mitigation scenarios. The article draws on the CD-LINKS study—a collaborative EU project under which seven pathways based on different combinations of carbon budget (high and low) and policy implementation (early and late) were developed and examined. This study uses the MARKAL energy system model to develop these scenarios. The three broad strategies that emerge for India include decarbonisation of electricity, electrification of end-uses and improvement in energy efficiency. We conclude that by undertaking early action, India can potentially prevent carbon lock-in and leapfrog to renewables from coal in the power sector. However, early action scenarios exhibit higher cost than their delayed action counterparts. Several other barriers and challenges also need to be addressed in order to enable large-scale uptake of low-carbon technologies. India may need to come up with innovative mechanisms to ensure a smooth and just transition for the economy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1893-1911
Number of pages19
JournalClimatic Change
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 16 Oct 2020
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work is part of a project that has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 642147 ( CD-LINKS ).


  • Climate mitigation pathways
  • Energy sector
  • Energy system modelling
  • India
  • Low carbon development
  • NDC


Dive into the research topics of 'India’s energy sector choices—options and implications of ambitious mitigation efforts'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this