In situ observation of the dehydration of Li2SO4.H2O monocrystals

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Abstract

In this study the dehydration reaction of Li2SO4.H2O crystals is investigated at different temperatures with the help of optical microscopy. The nucleation and nuclei growth processes during the reaction were recorded photographically using a camera system. Based on a series of pictures the propagation of the reaction front on the crystal surface was captured and an effective speed of growth (in μm/min) was estimated. It is demonstrated, using this in situ measurement technique, that the effective speed at certain temperature and water vapor pressure is a constant for different nuclei. From the surface observations it appeared that the mode of growth of nuclei is non-isotropic with a preferential direction along the [010] axis. In order to measure the growth rate in-depth, measurements on encapsulated crystals were also carried out. It is observed that the propagation of the interface in the crystal is linear and cracks have a remarkable influence on this propagation speed because of a higher mass diffusivity in the cracks.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of Advances in Thermal Energy Storage, EUROTHERM 99, 28-30 May 2014, Lleida, Spain
Place of PublicationLleida, Spain
Pages1-8
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2014
EventAdvances in Thermal Energy Storage (EUROTHERM Seminar 99), May 28-30, 2014, Lleida, Spain - Lleida, Spain
Duration: 28 May 201430 May 2014

Conference

ConferenceAdvances in Thermal Energy Storage (EUROTHERM Seminar 99), May 28-30, 2014, Lleida, Spain
CountrySpain
CityLleida
Period28/05/1430/05/14

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  • Cite this

    Lan, S., van Maris, M. P. F. H. L., Zondag, H. A., & Rindt, C. C. M. (2014). In situ observation of the dehydration of Li2SO4.H2O monocrystals. In Proceedings of Advances in Thermal Energy Storage, EUROTHERM 99, 28-30 May 2014, Lleida, Spain (pp. 1-8).