A considerable amount of research is being directed towards improving lithium-ion batteries in order to meet today's market demands. In particular in situ investigations of Li-ion batteries have proven extremely insightful, but require the electrochemical cell to be fully compatible with the conditions of the testing method and are therefore often challenging to execute. Advantageously, in the past few years significant progress has been made with new, more advanced, in situ techniques. Herein, a comprehensive overview of in situ methods for studying Li-ion batteries is given, with the emphasis on new developments and reported experimental highlights.
Harks, P. P. R. M. L., Mulder, F. M., & Notten, P. H. L. (2015). In situ methods for Li-ion battery research : a review of recent developments. Journal of Power Sources, 288, 92-105. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.04.084