In-flight measurements of lightning and thunderstorm radiation

Pavlo Kochkin, Alexander Van Deursen, Alte De Boer, Michiel Bardet, Jean François Boissin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Thunderstorms emit bursts of energetic radiation. Moreover, a lightning stepped leader produces x-ray pulses. These phenomena, their interrelation and impact on terrestrial atmosphere and near space are not fully understood yet. The In-flight Lightning Strike Damage Assessment System ILDAS was developed in an EU FP6 project (http://ildas.nlr.nl/) to provide information on threat that lightning poses to aircraft. It is intended to localize the lightning attachment points in order to reduce maintenance time and to build statistics on lightning current. The system consists of one E-field sensor, eight H-field sensors and was recently extended with two LaBr3 scintillation detectors to measure hard radiation inside the aircraft. One of the unique features of the system is the ability to reconstruct a lightning current direction for any instance in time. The x-rays generated by the lightning flash are measured in synchronization better than 10 ns with the lightning current information during a period of 1 second around the strike. Numerous fast x-ray bursts of 1-4 μs duration have been measured. The x-rays occur during initiation phase of lightning leader and during attachment phases of subsequent discharges and return strokes.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLaboratory simulation of lightning direct effect using GRIFON test bench at ONERA
PublisherInstitution of Engineering and Technology (IET)
ISBN (Print)978-1-78561-223-7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015
EventInternational Conference on Lightning and Static Electricity, ICOLSE 2015 - Toulouse, France
Duration: 9 Sep 201511 Sep 2015

Conference

ConferenceInternational Conference on Lightning and Static Electricity, ICOLSE 2015
CountryFrance
CityToulouse
Period9/09/1511/09/15

Keywords

  • ILDAS
  • In-flight Lightning Damage Assessment
  • Lightning
  • Radiation
  • X-rays

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