In-depth investigation of thermochemical performance in a heat battery: Cyclic analysis of K2CO3, MgCl2 and Na2S

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)
418 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Thermochemical materials K2CO3, MgCl2 and Na2S have been investigated in depth on energy density, power output and chemical stability in view of domestic heat storage application, presenting a critical assessment of potential chemical side reactions in an open and closed reactor concept. These materials were selected based on a recent review on all possible salt hydrates, within the frame of a thermochemical heat battery and considering recent advances in heat storage application. Judged by gravimetric and calorimetric experiments in operating conditions and worst-case-scenario conditions, K2CO3 is recommended for both an open and closed system heat battery. The compound is chemically robust with a material level energy density of 1.28 GJ/m3 in an open system and 0.95 GJ/m3 in a closed system, yielding a power output of 283–675 kW/m3. Na2S and MgCl2 on the other hand are chemically not robust in heat storage application, although having a higher energy density, output power and temperature in one cycle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-173
Number of pages15
JournalApplied Energy
Volume215
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018

Keywords

  • Chemical stability
  • Energy density
  • Enthalpy of hydration
  • Phase diagram
  • Salt hydrates
  • Side reactions
  • Thermo chemical heat storage

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'In-depth investigation of thermochemical performance in a heat battery: Cyclic analysis of K<sub>2</sub>CO<sub>3</sub>, MgCl<sub>2</sub> and Na<sub>2</sub>S'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Press / Media

    Closer to a heat battery: Understanding the atomistic processes

    Leyla Cann Sögütoglu

    10/06/20

    1 item of Media coverage

    Press/Media: Expert Comment

    Cite this