Impurity effects upon the Verwey transition in magnetite

V.A.M. Brabers, F. Walz, H. Kronmüller

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Magnetite single crystals Fe3-xMxO4 doped with M=Ni, Co, Mg, Al, Ga, and Ti were grown and annealed under a controlled atmosphere to produce homogeneous and oxygen stoichiometric samples. The cation vacancy concentration of the samples was proved to be lower than 10-6 by means of magnetic disaccommodation spectroscopy. The Verwey temperature shift as function of the substituent concentration was determined from the temperature dependence of the resistivity. The systematics of the transition temperature shift as function of the concentration and nature of the substituents is indicative that the mechanism of the transition is related to the second-neighbor Coulomb interaction of the cations on the octahedral sites.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14163-14166
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 1998


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